Answer CCNA Security Final Exam – CCNAS v2.0

Question 26 Final Exam v2.0

Question and answers for CCNA Security Final Exam Version 2.0 will be discussed in this post. Below is compile list for all questions Final Exam CCNA Security v2.0 from all our contributors. With this CCNAS final exam v2.0 questions release, i hope it will get you guys well prepared for final exam. However as of now when i started writing this post, the answers is only 70% correct [as of now it is 98% correct]. So please study the questions and confirm if the answers is correct. Please be reminded that the order of the questions and the answer options might be different. The numbering i created just for the purposes to make it easier to point out specific questions when discussing in comment.

 

  1. Which security implementation will provide control plane protection for a network device?

encryption for remote access connections

AAA for authenticating management access

routing protocol authentication

NTP for consistent timestamps on logging messages

 

  1. What is the one major difference between local AAA authentication and using the login local command when configuring device access authentication?

Local AAA authentication provides a way to configure backup methods of authentication, but login local does not.

The login local command requires the administrator to manually configure the usernames and passwords, but local AAA authentication does not.

Local AAA authentication allows more than one user account to be configured, but login local does not.

The login local command uses local usernames and passwords stored on the router, but local AAA authentication does not.

 

  1. Question 3 Final Exam v2.0Refer to the exhibit. A network administrator configures AAA authentication on R1. The administrator then tests the configuration by telneting to R1. The ACS servers are configured and running. What will happen if the authentication fails?

The enable secret password could be used in the next login attempt.

The authentication process stops. [adef]

The username and password of the local user database could be used in the next login attempt.

The enable secret password and a random username could be used in the next login attempt.

 

  1. What are two tasks that can be accomplished with the Nmap and Zenmap network tools? (Choose two.)

password recovery

password auditing

identification of Layer 3 protocol support on hosts

TCP and UDP port scanning [adef]

validation of IT system configuration

 

  1. Which Cisco IOS subcommand is used to compile an IPS signature into memory?

retired true

event-action produce-alert

retired false

event-action deny-attacker-inline

 

  1. Why are DES keys considered weak keys?

They are more resource intensive.

DES weak keys use very long key sizes.

They produce identical subkeys.

DES weak keys are difficult to manage.

 

  1. What is a benefit of using a next-generation firewall rather than a stateful firewall?

reactive protection against Internet attacks

granularity control within applications

support of TCP-based packet filtering

support for logging

 

  1. What is a result of securing the Cisco IOS image using the Cisco IOS Resilient Configuration feature?

When the router boots up, the Cisco IOS image is loaded from a secured FTP location.

The Cisco IOS image file is not visible in the output of the show flash command.

The Cisco IOS image is encrypted and then automatically backed up to the NVRAM.

The Cisco IOS image is encrypted and then automatically backed up to a TFTP server.

 

  1. The corporate security policy dictates that the traffic from the remote-access VPN clients must be separated between trusted traffic that is destined for the corporate subnets and untrusted traffic destined for the public Internet. Which VPN solution should be implemented to ensure compliance with the corporate policy?

MPLS

hairpinning

GRE

split tunneling

 

  1. Which two conditions must be met in order for a network administrator to be able to remotely manage multiple ASAs with Cisco ASDM? (Choose two.)

The ASAs must all be running the same ASDM version.

Each ASA must have the same enable secret password.

Each ASA must have the same master passphrase enabled.

The ASAs must be connected to each other through at least one inside interface.

ASDM must be run as a local application.

 

  1. What is negotiated in the establishment of an IPsec tunnel between two IPsec hosts during IKE Phase 1?

ISAKMP SA policy

DH groups

interesting traffic

transform sets

 

  1. What are two benefits of using a ZPF rather than a Classic Firewall? (Choose two.)

ZPF allows interfaces to be placed into zones for IP inspection.

The ZPF is not dependent on ACLs.

Multiple inspection actions are used with ZPF.

ZPF policies are easy to read and troubleshoot.

With ZPF, the router will allow packets unless they are explicitly blocked.

 

  1. Which security policy characteristic defines the purpose of standards?

step-by-step details regarding methods to deploy company switches

recommended best practices for placement of all company switches

required steps to ensure consistent configuration of all company switches

list of suggestions regarding how to quickly configure all company switches

 

  1. What algorithm is used to provide data integrity of a message through the use of a calculated hash value?

RSA

DH

AES

HMAC

 

  1. On which port should Dynamic ARP Inspection (DAI) be configured on a switch?

an uplink port to another switch

on any port where DHCP snooping is disabled

any untrusted port

access ports only

 

  1. What is a feature of a Cisco IOS Zone-Based Policy Firewall?

A router interface can belong to only one zone at a time.

Service policies are applied in interface configuration mode.

Router management interfaces must be manually assigned to the self zone.

The pass action works in multiple directions.

 

  1. Question 17 Final Exam v2.0Refer to the exhibit. The administrator can ping the S0/0/1 interface of RouterB but is unable to gain Telnet access to the router by using the password cisco123. What is a possible cause of the problem?

The Telnet connection between RouterA and RouterB is not working correctly.

The password cisco123 is wrong.

The administrator does not have enough rights on the PC that is being used.

The enable password and the Telnet password need to be the same.

 

  1. Question 18 Final Exam v2.0Refer to the exhibit. The ip verify source command is applied on untrusted interfaces. Which type of attack is mitigated by using this configuration?

DHCP spoofing

DHCP starvation

STP manipulation

MAC and IP address spoofing [adef]

 

  1. Question 19 Final Exam v2.0Refer to the exhibit. Which conclusion can be made from the show crypto map command output that is shown on R1?

The crypto map has not yet been applied to an interface. [Gilardi]

The current peer IP address should be 172.30.2.1.

There is a mismatch between the transform sets. [tested wrong by Adef ]

The tunnel configuration was established and can be tested with extended pings.

 

  1. What type of algorithms require sender and receiver to exchange a secret key that is used to ensure the confidentiality of messages?

symmetric algorithms [original answer]

hashing algorithms

asymmetric algorithms [dellarte]

public key algorithms

 

  1. What is an advantage in using a packet filtering firewall versus a high-end firewall appliance?

Packet filters perform almost all the tasks of a high-end firewall at a fraction of the cost.

Packet filters provide an initial degree of security at the data-link and network layer.

Packet filters represent a complete firewall solution.

Packet filters are not susceptible to IP spoofing.

 

  1. Question 22 Final Exam v2.0Refer to the exhibit. In the network that is shown, which AAA command logs the use of EXEC session commands?

aaa accounting network start-stop group tacacs+

aaa accounting network start-stop group radius

aaa accounting connection start-stop group radius

aaa accounting exec start-stop group radius

aaa accounting connection start-stop group tacacs+

aaa accounting exec start-stop group tacacs+

 

  1. A network administrator enters the single-connection command. What effect does this command have on AAA operation?

allows a new TCP session to be established for every authorization request

authorizes connections based on a list of IP addresses configured in an ACL on a Cisco ACS server

allows a Cisco ACS server to minimize delay by establishing persistent TCP connections [adef]

allows the device to establish only a single connection with the AAA-enabled server

 

  1. Which two practices are associated with securing the features and performance of router operating systems? (Choose two.)

Install a UPS.

Keep a secure copy of router operating system images.

Configure the router with the maximum amount of memory possible.

Disable default router services that are not necessary.

Reduce the number of ports that can be used to access the router.

 

  1. Which statement describes a characteristic of the IKE protocol?

It uses UDP port 500 to exchange IKE information between the security gateways.

IKE Phase 1 can be implemented in three different modes: main, aggressive, or quick.

It allows for the transmission of keys directly across a network.

The purpose of IKE Phase 2 is to negotiate a security association between two IKE peers.

 

  1. Question 26 Final Exam v2.0Refer to the exhibit. If a network administrator is using ASDM to configure a site-to-site VPN between the CCNAS-ASA and R3, which IP address would the administrator use for the peer IP address textbox on the ASA if data traffic is to be encrypted between the two remote LANs?

209.165.201.1

192.168.1.3

172.16.3.1

172.16.3.3

192.168.1.1

 

  1. Question 27 Final Exam v2.0Refer to the exhibit. Based on the security levels of the interfaces on the ASA, what statement correctly describes the flow of traffic allowed on the interfaces?

Traffic that is sent from the LAN and the Internet to the DMZ is considered inbound.

Traffic that is sent from the DMZ and the Internet to the LAN is considered outbound.

Traffic that is sent from the LAN to the DMZ is considered is considered inbound.

Traffic that is sent from the DMZ and the LAN to the Internet is considered outbound.

 

  1. What two assurances does digital signing provide about code that is downloaded from the Internet? (Choose two.)

The code contains no errors.

The code contains no viruses.

The code has not been modified since it left the software publisher.

The code is authentic and is actually sourced by the publisher.

The code was encrypted with both a private and public key.

 

  1. Which interface option could be set through ASDM for a Cisco ASA?

default route

access list

VLAN ID

NAT/PAT

 

  1. What are two characteristics of a stateful firewall? (Choose two.)

uses connection information maintained in a state table

uses static packet filtering techniques

analyzes traffic at Layers 3, 4 and 5 of the OSI model

uses complex ACLs which can be difficult to configure

prevents Layer 7 attacks

 

  1. What are three characteristics of SIEM? (Choose three.)

can be implemented as software or as a service

Microsoft port scanning tool designed for Windows

examines logs and events from systems and applications to detect security threats [adef]

consolidates duplicate event data to minimize the volume of gathered data

uses penetration testing to determine most network vulnerabilities

provides real-time reporting for short-term security event analysis

 

  1. Which type of traffic is subject to filtering on an ASA 5505 device?

public Internet to inside

public Internet to DMZ

inside to DMZ [adef]

DMZ to inside

 

  1. Which IDS/IPS signature alarm will look for packets that are destined to or from a particular port?

honey pot-based

anomaly-based [Zora]

signature-based [adef]

policy-based

 

  1. Which three actions can the Cisco IOS Firewall IPS feature be configured to take when an intrusion activity is detected? (Choose three.)

reset UDP connection

reset TCP connection

alert

isolate

inoculate

drop

 

  1. Which two protocols can be selected using the Cisco AnyConnect VPN Wizard to protect the traffic inside a VPN tunnel? (Choose two.)

Telnet

SSH

SSL

ESP

IPsec

 

  1. What is a characteristic of a role-based CLI view of router configuration?

When a superview is deleted, the associated CLI views are deleted.

A single CLI view can be shared within multiple superviews. [adef]

A CLI view has a command hierarchy, with higher and lower views.

Only a superview user can configure a new view and add or remove commands from the existing views.

 

  1. Question 37 Final Exam v2.0

Penetration testing = used to determine the possible consequences of successful attacks on the network.

Vulnerability scanning = used to find weaknesses and misconfigurations on network systems.

Network scanning = used to discover available resources on the network.

 

  1. Which statement describes the use of certificate classes in the PKI?

A class 5 certificate is more trustworthy than a class 4 certificate. [adef]

Email security is provided by the vendor, not by a certificate.

The lower the class number, the more trusted the certificate.

A vendor must issue only one class of certificates when acting as a CA.

 

  1. Question 39 Final Exam v2.0Refer to the exhibit. An administrator issues these IOS login enhancement commands to increase the security for login connections. What can be concluded about them?

Because the login delay command was not used, a one-minute delay between login attempts is assumed.

The hosts that are identified in the ACL will have access to the device.

The login block-for command permits the attacker to try 150 attempts before being stopped to try again.

These enhancements apply to all types of login connections.

 

  1. A company deploys a Cisco ASA with the Cisco CWS connector enabled as the firewall on the border of corporate network. An employee on the internal network is accessing a public website. What should the employee do in order to make sure the web traffic is protected by the Cisco CWS?

Register the destination website on the Cisco ASA.

Use the Cisco AnyConnect Secure Mobility Client first.

Use a web browser to visit the destination website.

First visit a website that is located on a web server in the Cisco CWS infrastructure.

 

  1. An administrator assigned a level of router access to the user ADMIN using the commands below.

Router(config)# privilege exec level 14 show ip route

Router(config)# enable algorithm-type scrypt secret level 14 cisco-level-10

Router(config)# username ADMIN privilege 14 algorithm-type scrypt secret cisco-level-10

 

Which two actions are permitted to the user ADMIN? (Choose two.)

The user can execute all subcommands under the show ip interfaces command.

The user can issue the show version command.

The user can only execute the subcommands under the show ip route command.

The user can issue all commands because this privilege level can execute all Cisco IOS commands.

The user can issue the ip route command.

 

  1. What mechanism is used by an ASA 5505 device to allow inspected outbound traffic to return to the originating sender who is on an inside network?

Network Address Translation

access control lists

security zones

stateful packet inspection [John / adef]

 

  1. Which two end points can be on the other side of an ASA site-to-site VPN configured using ASDM? (Choose two.)

DSL switch

Frame Relay switch

ISR router

another ASA

multilayer switch

 

  1. What Layer 2 attack is mitigated by disabling Dynamic Trunking Protocol?

DHCP spoofing

ARP spoofing

VLAN hopping

ARP poisoning

 

  1. In an AAA-enabled network, a user issues the configure terminal command from the privileged executive mode of operation. What AAA function is at work if this command is rejected?

authorization

authentication

auditing

accounting

 

  1. An organization has configured an IPS solution to use atomic alerts. What type of response will occur when a signature is detected?

A counter starts and a summary alert is issued when the count reaches a preconfigured number.

The TCP connection is reset.

An alert is triggered each time a signature is detected. [adef]

The interface that triggered the alert is shutdown.

 

  1. What two algorithms can be part of an IPsec policy to provide encryption and hashing to protect interesting traffic? (Choose two.)

PSK

DH

RSA

AES [John / adef]

SHA [John / adef]

 

  1. Fill in the blank.

A stateful signature is also known as a Composite signature.

 

  1. Why is hashing cryptographically stronger compared to a cyclical redundancy check (CRC)?

Hashes are never sent in plain text.

It is easy to generate data with the same CRC.

It is virtually impossible for two different sets of data to calculate the same hash output. [adef]

Hashing always uses a 128-bit digest, whereas a CRC can be variable length.

 

  1. A network analyst wants to monitor the activity of all new interns. Which type of security testing would track when the interns sign on and sign off the network?

vulnerability scanning

password cracking

network scanning

integrity checker

 

  1. Question 51 Final Exam v2.0Refer to the exhibit. What two pieces of information can be gathered from the generated message? (Choose two.)

This message is a level five notification message.

This message indicates that service timestamps have been globally enabled.

This message indicates that enhanced security was configured on the vty ports.

This message appeared because a major error occurred that requires immediate action.

This message appeared because a minor error occurred that requires further investigation.

 

  1. What is required for auto detection and negotiation of NAT when establishing a VPN link?

Both VPN end devices must be configured for NAT.

No ACLs can be applied on either VPN end device.

Both VPN end devices must be NAT-T capable.

Both VPN end devices must be using IPv6.

 

  1. Question 53 Final Exam v2.0Refer to the exhibit. The network administrator is configuring the port security feature on switch SWC. The administrator issued the command show port-security interface fa 0/2 to verify the configuration. What can be concluded from the output that is shown? (Choose three.)

Three security violations have been detected on this interface.

This port is currently up. [adef]

The port is configured as a trunk link.

Security violations will cause this port to shut down immediately.

There is no device currently connected to this port. [Gilardi]

The switch port mode for this interface is access mode. [adef]

 

  1. In which two instances will traffic be denied as it crosses the ASA 5505 device? (Choose two.)

traffic originating from the inside network going to the DMZ network

traffic originating from the inside network going to the outside network

traffic originating from the outside network going to the DMZ network

traffic originating from the DMZ network going to the inside network

traffic originating from the outside network going to the inside network

 

  1. Question 55 Final Exam v2.0Refer to the exhibit. Based on the configuration that is shown, which statement is true about the IPS signature category?

Only signatures in the ios_ips advanced category will be compiled into memory for scanning.

All signatures categories will be compiled into memory for scanning, but only those signatures within the ios ips advanced category will be used for scanning purposes.

All signature categories will be compiled into memory for scanning, but only those signatures in the ios_ips basic category will be used for scanning purposes.

Only signatures in the ios_ips basic category will be compiled into memory for scanning.

 

  1. Which two ports can send and receive Layer 2 traffic from a community port on a PVLAN? (Choose two.)

community ports belonging to other communities

promiscuous ports

isolated ports within the same community

PVLAN edge protected ports

community ports belonging to the same community

 

  1. What is a feature of the TACACS+ protocol?

It utilizes UDP to provide more efficient packet transfer.

It combines authentication and authorization as one process.

It encrypts the entire body of the packet for more secure communications.

It hides passwords during transmission using PAP and sends the rest of the packet in plaintext.

 

  1. Which security measure is best used to limit the success of a reconnaissance attack from within a campus area network?

Implement restrictions on the use of ICMP echo-reply messages.

Implement a firewall at the edge of the network.

Implement access lists on the border router.

Implement encryption for sensitive traffic. [adef]

 

  1. What is the benefit of the network-based IPS (NIPS) over host-based IPS (HIPS) deployment models?

NIPS provides individual host protection.

NIPS relies on centrally managed software agents.

NIPS monitors all operations within an operating system.

NIPS monitors network segments.

 

  1. What represents a best practice concerning discovery protocols such as CDP and LLDP on network devices?

LLDP on network devices?

Enable CDP on edge devices, and enable LLDP on interior devices.

Use the default router settings for CDP and LLDP.

Use the open standard LLDP rather than CDP.

Disable both protocols on all interfaces where they are not required.

 

  1. What function is provided by the Tripwire network security tool?

password recovery

security policy compliance

IDS signature development

logging of security events

 

  1. What is the function of a policy map configuration when an ASA firewall is being configured?

binding class maps with actions

identifying interesting traffic

binding a service policy to an interface

using ACLs to match traffic

 

  1. If a network administrator wants to track the usage of FTP services, which keyword or keywords should be added to the aaa accounting command?

exec default

connection

exec

network

 

  1.  What is indicated by the use of the local-case keyword in a local AAA authentication configuration command sequence?

That AAA is enabled globally on the router.

That passwords and usernames are case-sensitive.

That a default local database AAA authentication is applied to all lines.

That user access is limited to vty terminal lines.

 

  1.  What is the purpose of a local username database if multiple ACS servers are configured to provide authentication services?

Clients using internet services are authenticated by ACS servers, whereas local clients are authenticated through a local username database.

Each ACS server must be configured with a local username database in order to provide authentication services.

A local username database is required when creating a method list for the default login.

A local username database provides redundancy if ACS servers become unreachable. [adef]

 

  1. Question 66 Final Exam v2.0Refer to the exhibit. Based on the security levels of the interfaces on ASA1, what traffic will be allowed on the interfaces? [Similar with Question 27]

Traffic from the Internet and LAN can access the DMZ.

Traffic from the Internet and DMZ can access the LAN.

Traffic from the Internet can access both the DMZ and the LAN.

Traffic from the LAN and DMZ can access the Internet.

 

  1. What are two reasons to enable OSPF routing protocol authentication on a network? (Choose two.)

to ensure more efficient routing

to prevent data traffic from being redirected and then discarded

to ensure faster network convergence

to prevent redirection of data traffic to an insecure link

to provide data security through encryption

 

  1. A security awareness session is best suited for which topic?

required steps when reporting a breach of security

the primary purpose and use of password policies

steps used to configure automatic Windows updates

how to install and maintain virus protection

 

  1. What provides both secure segmentation and threat defense in a Secure Data Center solution?

Cisco Security Manager software

AAA server

Adaptive Security Appliance

intrusion prevention system

 

  1. Which two features should be configured on end-user ports in order to prevent STP manipulation attacks? ( Choose two.)

root guard

UDLD

BPDU guard

loop guard

PortFast

 

  1. What is a characteristic of most modern viruses?

They are usually found attached to online games.

Email viruses are the most common type of them.

They replicate themselves and locate new targets.

They are responsible for some of the most destructive internet attacks.

 

  1. Which statement describes a characteristic of the Security Device Event Exchange (SDEE) feature supported by the Cisco IOS IPS?

SDEE notification is disabled by default. It does not receive and process events from the Cisco IOS IPS unless SDEE notification is enabled.

SDEE notification is enabled by default. It receives and processes events from the Cisco IOS IPS and sends them to a syslog server.

SDEE notification is enabled by default. It receives and processes events from the Cisco IOS IPS and stores them in a buffer.

SDEE notification is disabled by default. It starts receiving and processing events from the Cisco IOS IPS as soon as an attack signature is detected.

 

  1. Which network security tool allows an administrator to test and detect weak passwords?

L0phtcrack

Tripwire

Nessus

Metasploit

 

  1. What is an advantage of logging packets that are seen by an IPS device?

Packets from the IP address that triggered the logging are denied once logging begins.

Administrators can decide what actions can be taken in the future.

Administrators can use the brief summary that is generated to quickly determine how to handle the packets.

Attacker packets can be stopped immediately.

 

  1. Which procedure is recommended to mitigate the chances of ARP spoofing?

Enable DHCP snooping on selected VLANs.

Enable IP Source Guard on trusted ports.

Enable DAI on the management VLAN.

Enable port security globally.

 

  1. In a server-based AAA implementation, which protocol will allow the router to successfully communicate with the AAA server?

RADIUS

802.1x

SSH

TACACS

 

  1. A network technician is attempting to resolve problems with the NAT configuration on anASA. The technician generates a ping from an inside host to an outside host. Whichcommand verifies that addresses are being translated on the ASA?

show ip nat translation [Dmonium]

show running-config

show xlate [jack]

show ip address

 

  1. What are three components of a technical security policy? (Choose three.)

human resource policy

acceptable use policy

remote access policy

identity policy

network access policy

end user policy

 

  1. Which security policy outlines the overall security goals for managers and technical personnel within an organization and includes the consequences of noncompliance with the policy?

end-user policy

application policy

governing policy

technical policy

 

  1. What is a secure configuration option for remote access to a network device?

Configure 802.1x.
Configure Telnet.
Configure SSH.
Configure an ACL and apply it to the VTY lines.

 

  1. On what switch ports should BPDU guard be enabled to enhance STP stability?

only ports that attach to a neighboring switch

all PortFast-enabled ports Correct

all trunk ports that are not root ports

only ports that are elected as designated ports

 

  1. Which feature is specific to the Security Plus upgrade license of an ASA 5505 and provides increased availability?

redundant ISP connections
routed mode
transparent mode
stateful packet inspection

 

  1. A company deploys a hub-and-spoke VPN topology where the security appliance is the hub and the remote VPN networks are the spokes. Which VPN method should be used in order for one spoke to communicate with another spoke through the single public interface of the security appliance?

split tunneling
MPLS
GRE
Hairpinning

 

  1. What are two drawbacks in assigning user privilege levels on a Cisco router? (Choose two.)

Privilege levels must be set to permit access control to specific device interfaces, ports, or slots.
Assigning a command with multiple keywords allows access to all commands using those keywords.
Only a root user can add or remove commands.
Commands from a lower level are always executable at a higher level.
AAA must be enabled.

 

  1. Which two types of hackers are typically classified as grey hat hackers? (Choose two.)

script kiddies
vulnerability brokers
cyber criminals
state-sponsored hackers
hacktivists

 

  1. What is the default preconfigured interface for the outside network on a Cisco ASA 5505?

VLAN 2
Ethernet 0/2
Ethernet 0/1
VLAN 1

 

**** New Incomplete Question ****

 

[Gilardi]

The following authentication configuration is applied to a router.

aaa authentication login default tacacs+ local enable none

Several days later the TACACS+ server goes off-line. Which method will be used to authenticate users?

Default [Gilardi]

Local [Leilei]

 

Practical Question

Practical Question

Configure:

  • Basic security settings, like SSH and AAA (on all devices)
  • STP, Portfast, BPDUguard, Loop guard, ZPF
  • Basic Security on ASA using CLI, including
    • default route
    • network object with subnet 192.168.10.0 255.255.255.0 and nat(inside, outside)
  • Site 2 Site VPN on R3 using CLI and on ASA using ASDM

 

Again, please be aware that answers stated above is just 70% correct [98% correct as of now]. We will keep improving the question and answers. Anyone get 100% correct, please let us know. Thus, please study the questions above. If you have better answers or any new questions please do comment below. If you have the missing exhibit image, please do email to admin@invialgo.com.

 

Say Thanks to our contributors:

Questions contributor: Sing, Oksana, Saipul, Boula, Jenny, Joan, Frank, Kwatpick, Yang, Mark, Roro

Questions and Answer Contributor : Pipo, Adef, Gilardi, Guille, Leilei, Lula, Mike, Fernando, Dmonium, Kiryll, Jack

 

Thank you

130 thoughts on “Answer CCNA Security Final Exam – CCNAS v2.0”

  1. thank you very much INVIALGO , for ccna security exam v2 , but i find some false answers, i will share them , but i need the exhibit of some questions , please

      1. Can you tell me how does the exam go? How many questions? How much time? Is the practical question included in those questions or is it a separate exam? What is the minimal grade for them?

    1. don’t know. as of now, i didn’t have the exhibit for this question. Please be reminded that so far our answers are not guaranteed 100% correct. Do revise and let us know if you have better answers. Thanks

  2. A security awareness session is best suited for which topic?

    how to install and maintain virus protection

    steps used to configure automatic Windows updates

    required steps when reporting a breach of security

    the primary purpose and use of password policies

  3. Refer to the exhibit. The network administrator is configuring the port security feature on switch SWC. The administrator issued the command show port-security interface fa 0/2 to verify the configuration. What can be concluded from the output that is shown? (Choose three.)
    Answer :
    There is no device currently connected to this port.
    This port is currently up.
    Security violations will cause this port to shut down immediately.

    CMIIW 🙂

  4. The following authentication configuration is applied to a router.
    aaa authentication login default tacacs+ local enable none
    Several days later the TACACS+ server goes off-line. Which method will be used to authenticate users?
    Answer :
    default

    CMIIW 🙂

  5. Refer to the exhibit. Which conclusion can be made from the show crypto map command output that is shown on R1?
    Answer :
    The crypto map has not yet been applied to an interface.

    CMIIW 🙂

    1. Hello Adef thank you for your help, you are wonderful guy as you say you passed the exam can you tell us what is the Final Skill Exam for CCNAS v2.0 (it’s same like a v1.2 which is available at this site
      or other version) or is totally different ?

    2. Hello, did u post the questions and answers yet? im doing it in 2 days time and i really need those. it would help me a lot if u could post them . thanks

  6. 3. Refer to the exhibit. A network administrator configures AAA authentication on R1. The administrator then tests the configuration by telneting to R1. The ACS servers are configured and running. What will happen if the authentication fails?

    The enable secret password could be used in the next login attempt.
    The authentication process stops. (Correct answer)
    The username and password of the local user database could be used in the next login attempt.
    The enable secret password and a random username could be used in the next login attempt.

    4. What are two tasks that can be accomplished with the Nmap and Zenmap network tools? (Choose two.)

    password recovery
    password auditing
    identification of Layer 3 protocol support on hosts. (Correct answer)
    TCP and UDP port scanning. (Correct answer)
    validation of IT system configuration

    18. Refer to the exhibit. The ip verify source command is applied on untrusted interfaces. Which type of attack is mitigated by using this configuration?

    DHCP spoofing
    DHCP starvation
    STP manipulation
    MAC and IP address spoofing. (Correct answer)

    19. Refer to the exhibit. Which conclusion can be made from the show crypto map command output that is shown on R1?

    The crypto map has not yet been applied to an interface.
    The current peer IP address should be 172.30.2.1.
    There is a mismatch between the transform sets. (wrong answer)
    The tunnel configuration was established and can be tested with extended pings.

    23. A network administrator enters the single-connection command. What effect does this command have on AAA operation?

    allows a new TCP session to be established for every authorization request
    authorizes connections based on a list of IP addresses configured in an ACL on a Cisco ACS server
    allows a Cisco ACS server to minimize delay by establishing persistent TCP connections. (Correct answer)
    allows the device to establish only a single connection with the AAA-enabled server

    31. What are three characteristics of SIEM? (Choose three.)
    can be implemented as software or as a service. (Correct answer)
    Microsoft port scanning tool designed for Windows
    examines logs and events from systems and applications to detect security threats. (Correct answer)
    consolidates duplicate event data to minimize the volume of gathered data. (Correct answer)
    uses penetration testing to determine most network vulnerabilities
    provides real-time reporting for short-term security event analysis

    32. Which type of traffic is subject to filtering on an ASA 5505 device?

    public Internet to inside
    public Internet to DMZ
    inside to DMZ. (Correct answer)
    DMZ to inside

    33. Which IDS/IPS signature alarm will look for packets that are destined to or from a particular port?
    honey pot-based
    anomaly-based
    signature-based. (Correct answer)
    policy-based

    36. What is a characteristic of a role-based CLI view of router configuration?
    When a superview is deleted, the associated CLI views are deleted.
    A single CLI view can be shared within multiple superviews. (Correct answer)
    A CLI view has a command hierarchy, with higher and lower views.
    Only a superview user can configure a new view and add or remove commands from the existing views.

    38.
    Which statement describes the use of certificate classes in the PKI?
    A class 5 certificate is more trustworthy than a class 4 certificate. (Correct answer)
    Email security is provided by the vendor, not by a certificate.
    The lower the class number, the more trusted the certificate.
    A vendor must issue only one class of certificates when acting as a CA.

    42. What mechanism is used by an ASA 5505 device to allow inspected outbound traffic to return to the originating sender who is on an inside network?
    Network Address Translation
    access control lists
    security zones
    stateful packet inspection. (Correct answer)

    46. An organization has configured an IPS solution to use atomic alerts. What type of response will occur when a signature is detected?
    A counter starts and a summary alert is issued when the count reaches a preconfigured number.
    The TCP connection is reset.
    An alert is triggered each time a signature is detected. (Correct answer)
    The interface that triggered the alert is shutdown.

    47. What two algorithms can be part of an IPsec policy to provide encryption and hashing to protect interesting traffic? (Choose two.)
    PSK
    DH
    RSA
    AES (Correct answer)
    SHA (Correct answer)

    49. Why is hashing cryptographically stronger compared to a cyclical redundancy check (CRC)?
    Hashes are never sent in plain text.
    It is easy to generate data with the same CRC.
    It is virtually impossible for two different sets of data to calculate the same hash output. (Correct answer)
    Hashing always uses a 128-bit digest, whereas a CRC can be variable length.

    53. Refer to the exhibit. The network administrator is configuring the port security feature on switch SWC. The administrator issued the command show port-security interface fa 0/2 to verify the configuration. What can be concluded from the output that is shown? (Choose three.)
    Three security violations have been detected on this interface.
    This port is currently up. (Correct answer)
    The port is configured as a trunk link.
    Security violations will cause this port to shut down immediately. (Correct answer)
    There is no device currently connected to this port.
    The switch port mode for this interface is access mode. (Correct answer)

    58. Which security measure is best used to limit the success of a reconnaissance attack from within a campus area network?
    Implement restrictions on the use of ICMP echo-reply messages.
    Implement a firewall at the edge of the network.
    Implement access lists on the border router.
    Implement encryption for sensitive traffic. (Correct answer)

    ** New questions **
    What is indicated by the use of the local-case keyword in a local AAA authentication configuration command sequence?
    no answer
    That AAA is enabled globally on the router.
    That passwords and usernames are case-sensitive.
    That a default local database AAA authentication is applied to all lines.
    That user access is limited to vty terminal lines.

    What is the purpose of a local username database if multiple ACS servers are configured to provide authentication services?

    Clients using internet services are authenticated by ACS servers, whereas local clients are authenticated through a local username database.
    Each ACS server must be configured with a local username database in order to provide authentication services.
    A local username database is required when creating a method list for the default login.
    A local username database provides redundancy if ACS servers become unreachable. (Correct answer)

    ** other questions with exhibit**

    17. Refer to the exhibit. The administrator can ping the S0/0/1 interface of RouterB but is unable to gain Telnet access to the router by using the password cisco123. What is a possible cause of the problem?
    The Telnet connection between RouterA and RouterB is not working correctly.
    The password cisco123 is wrong. (Correct answer)
    The administrator does not have enough rights on the PC that is being used.
    The enable password and the Telnet password need to be the same.

    22. Refer to the exhibit. In the network that is shown, which AAA command logs the use of EXEC session commands?
    aaa accounting network start-stop group tacacs+
    aaa accounting network start-stop group radius
    aaa accounting connection start-stop group radius
    aaa accounting exec start-stop group radius
    aaa accounting connection start-stop group tacacs+
    aaa accounting exec start-stop group tacacs+ (Correct answer)

    26. Refer to the exhibit. If a network administrator is using ASDM to configure a site-to-site VPN between the CCNAS-ASA and R3, which IP address would the administrator use for the peer IP address textbox on the ASA if data traffic is to be encrypted between the two remote LANs?
    209.165.201.1 (Correct answer)
    192.168.1.3
    172.16.3.1
    172.16.3.3
    192.168.1.1

    27. Refer to the exhibit. Based on the security levels of the interfaces on the ASA, what statement correctly describes the flow of traffic allowed on the interfaces?
    Traffic that is sent from the LAN and the Internet to the DMZ is considered inbound.
    Traffic that is sent from the DMZ and the Internet to the LAN is considered outbound.
    Traffic that is sent from the LAN to the DMZ is considered is considered inbound.
    Traffic that is sent from the DMZ and the LAN to the Internet is considered outbound. (Correct answer)

    51. Refer to the exhibit. What two pieces of information can be gathered from the generated message? (Choose two.)
    This message is a level five notification message. (Correct answer)
    This message indicates that service timestamps have been globally enabled. (Correct answer)
    This message indicates that enhanced security was configured on the vty ports.
    This message appeared because a major error occurred that requires immediate action.
    This message appeared because a minor error occurred that requires further investigation.

    55. Refer to the exhibit. Based on the configuration that is shown, which statement is true about the IPS signature category?
    Only signatures in the ios_ips advanced category will be compiled into memory for scanning.
    All signatures categories will be compiled into memory for scanning, but only those signatures within the ios ips advanced category will be used for scanning purposes.
    All signature categories will be compiled into memory for scanning, but only those signatures in the ios_ips basic category will be used for scanning purposes.
    Only signatures in the ios_ips basic category will be compiled into memory for scanning. (Correct answer)

    1. I don’t think the question number 23 is correct. Or do have some specific reason why only inside to DMZ traffic is filtered? To me it looks more like multiple choice answer, i. e.:

      32. Which type of traffic is subject to filtering on an ASA 5505 device?

      public Internet to inside (Correct answer)
      public Internet to DMZ (Correct answer)
      inside to DMZ.
      DMZ to inside (Correct answer)

      1. so far we didn’t noticed this is multiple choice answers. we’ll monitor this question and wait for confirmation. Thanks btw.

  7. Hi,

    are you sure that these are the final questions and answers?

    because then i could to research for myself to get the 100% right answers, i have access to the netacademy (like every one has)

    g

    1. Hi,
      So far our friend Adef get 98% correct.. I have updated the questions and answer. Maybe because question 19. Please confirm. Thank you

      1. Hi,

        i did the test today and i got 99.2% correct, my personalized feedback:
        Domain Knowledge – Binary Score: 98.3%
        Secure Routing and Switching – 94.1%
        The rest is 100% each.

        These are a few more answers:

        64. What is indicated by the use of the local-case keyword in a local AAA authentication configuration command sequence?

        That AAA is enabled globally on the router.
        That passwords and usernames are case-sensitive. (correct answer)
        That a default local database AAA authentication is applied to all lines.
        That user access is limited to vty terminal lines.

        66. Refer to the exhibit. Based on the security levels of the interfaces on ASA1, what traffic will be allowed on the interfaces? [Similar with Question 27]

        Traffic from the Internet and LAN can access the DMZ.
        Traffic from the Internet and DMZ can access the LAN.
        Traffic from the Internet can access both the DMZ and the LAN.
        Traffic from the LAN and DMZ can access the Internet. (correct answer)

        67. What are two reasons to enable OSPF routing protocol authentication on a network? (Choose two.)

        to ensure more efficient routing
        to prevent data traffic from being redirected and then discarded (correct answer)
        to ensure faster network convergence
        to prevent redirection of data traffic to an insecure link (correct answer)
        to provide data security through encryption

        68. A security awareness session is best suited for which topic?

        required steps when reporting a breach of security (correct answer)
        the primary purpose and use of password policies
        steps used to configure automatic Windows updates
        how to install and maintain virus protection

        And there was a new question:
        What is a secure configuration option for remote access to a network device?

        Configure 802.1x.
        Configure Telnet.
        Configure SSH. (correct answer)
        Configure an ACL and apply it to the VTY lines.

        1. So was this question and answer above validated?
          What is a secure configuration option for remote access to a network device?

          Configure 802.1x.
          Configure Telnet.
          Configure SSH. (correct answer)
          Configure an ACL and apply it to the VTY lines.

          And if so I don’t see it updated above.

          1. Hi Mike. Thanks for noticing. i missed on this. Normally i would reply to comment once updated. Thank you

  8. i also had passed the practical exam, and the topology is the following:

    You have to configure:
    – basic security settings, like SSH and AAA (on all devices)
    – STP, Portfast, BPDUguard, Loop guard
    – ZPF
    – Basic Security on ASA using CLI, including:
    — default route
    — network object with subnet 192.168.10.0 255.255.255.0 and nat(inside, outside)

    Site 2 Site VPN on R3 using CLI and on ASA using ASDM

    I configured everything, my only mistakes where
    – default route on asa (wrong IP address..)
    – network object, because i didnt use the “subnet” command
    – Site 2 Site VPN couldnt establish a tunnel

    but i still got 92 out of 100 points, so its very very easy to pass

  9. I think this is a new question as this popped out for me and apparently this guide still needs some revamping as aside from this new question, 2 more questions were wrong for me.

    Qn: What provides both secure segmentation and threat defense in a Secure Data Center solution?

    Cisco Security Manager software

    AAA server

    Adaptive Security Appliance

    intrusion prevention system

    1. Thanks for the new question Chris. As mentioned in this post, the answer is still not yet 100% correct. But it will helps you pass the exam. Thus, if u encounter any wrong answers, let us know which question so we can have review on the question. TQ

  10. i have got 93.3 for the exam and i did it yesterday. there were 2 new questions.i will post it next week. bcoz i forgot to bring the screen shots.

  11. hello, thank you for all what you do
    i think there is a mistake in question 33
    Which IDS/IPS signature alarm will look for packets that are destined to or from a particular port?
    the correct answer is : anomaly based , not signature based

    you can verify in the Chapter 5.2.2.3 – Anomaly-Based Detection

  12. Excuse me, but i’m pretty sure that the Answer for the Question 20 is :
    asymmetric algorithms

    The asymmetric algorithm (like RSA) is used to exchange a shared secret key used by symmetric (like DES) algo.

    1. but did you fully understand the question?
      What type of algorithms require sender and receiver to exchange a secret key that is used to ensure the confidentiality of messages?

      only the symmetric (original answer) require a pre-exchange of the key.
      so the original answer is correct.

  13. New question popped up on my exam, i got 97,5% with the answers on this website.
    Which two features should be configured on end-user ports in order to prevent STP manipulation attacks? ( Choose two.)

    root guard

    UDLD

    BPDU guard

    loop guard

    PortFast

  14. This one was new:
    Which procedure is recommended to mitigate the chances of ARP spoofing?

    Enable DHCP snooping on selected VLANs.
    Enable IP Source Guard on trusted ports.
    Enable DAI on the management VLAN.
    Enable port security globally.

  15. Two new Questions:

    1. Which network security tool allows an administrator to test and detect weak passwords?

    L0phtcrack

    Tripwire

    Nessus

    Metasploit

    2. What is an advantage of logging packets that are seen by an IPS device?

    Packets from the IP address that triggered the logging are denied once logging begins.

    Administrators can decide what actions can be taken in the future.

    Administrators can use the brief summary that is generated to quickly determine how to handle the packets.

    Attacker packets can be stopped immediately.

  16. Hey I pass the exam with 94,1 with all the updates that you have put. Where could get the certificate exam? Thanks invialgo

  17. NEW QUESTION FOUND TODAY April 8th
    *Which statement describes a characteristic of the Security Device
    Event Exchange (SDEE) feature supported by the Cisco IOS IPS?*
    a. SDEE notification is disabled by default. It does not receive and process events from the Cisco IOS IPS unless SDEE notification is enabled.
    b. SDEE notification is enabled by default. It receives and processes events from the Cisco IOS IPS and sends them to a syslog server.
    c. SDEE notification is enabled by default. It receives and processes events from the Cisco IOS IPS and stores them in a buffer.
    d. SDEE notification is disabled by default. It starts receiving and processing events from the Cisco IOS IPS as soon as an attack signature is detected.

    Somebody post the answer please.

  18. New question in my exam:
    What is a characteristic of most modern viruses?
    a)They are usually found attached to online games.
    b)Email viruses are the most common type of them. **
    c)They replicate themselves and locate new targets.
    d)They are responsible for some of the most destructive internet attacks.

    I find that in NetAcad(Chap 1.2.3.2).
    Is correct to resolv this question ?

    “Most viruses are now spread by USB memory drives, CDs, DVDs, network shares, and email. Email viruses are now the most common type of virus.”

  19. NEW QUESTION

    57
    In a server-based AAA implementation, which protocol will allow the router to successfully communicate with the AAA server?

    RADIUS

    802.1x

    SSH

    TACACS​

  20. Passed the exam with 96% thanks to the answers provided here. New question:

    A network technician is attempting to resolve problems with the NAT configuration on an
    ASA. The technician generates a ping from an inside host to an outside host. Which
    command verifies that addresses are being translated on the ASA?

    show ip nat translation

    show running-config

    show xlate

    show ip address

  21. answer for 72 is SDEE notification is disabled by default. It does not receive and process events from the Cisco IOS IPS unless SDEE notification is enabled.

  22. I just want to thank you for all these questions and answers. i had exam 2 days ago and got 87% by memorising this answers. i wouldn’t have done it without you. i have had fallen behind my course and this helped me finished it. thank you very much !

  23. Hi InviAlgo, I have exam next week i tried doing the practice test and i couldn’t find any answer from anywhere,they are all different. Now i am scared if the final exam is going to be same. Are the final exams are same in every country and can i rely on these questions here.

    1. yes. it is valid as of today. unless u are the most unlucky person on earth get new set of questions. if that is the case, do copy the question for us. TQ

  24. What are three components of a technical security policy? (Choose three.)

    human resource policy

    acceptable use policy

    remote access policy

    identity policy

    network access policy

    end user policy

  25. 22
    Which security policy outlines the overall security goals for managers and technical personnel within an organization and includes the consequences of noncompliance with the policy?

    end-user policy

    application policy

    governing policy

    technical policy

  26. 48. Fill in the blank.

    A stateful signature is also known as a signature.

    Were is the blank? If it’s here

    A stateful signature is also known as a ______signature.

    I think the answer would be “Composite”

  27. Took the test last night and scored 95% using these questions. There were 60 total questions on the exam, two that didn’t count towards the score. I used all 80 questions here as a study guide. Most of the questions on my exam were within the first 60 on this list. My overall score for the class was 97.34%. I would also suggest compiling the individual labs into the optional comprehensive lab and use it as a guide for the lab final. This allowed me and my lab partner to score 99.5% on the lab final as well. Good Luck to all!

  28. There was also a new question on which switch in a spanning tree network is the root bridge? I don’t recall all of the answers, but none of them seemed right. I think the potential answers were; lowest IP address, MAC address, highest priority or VLAN ID. I picked highest priority, but I guess VLAN ID or IP address could be the answer depending on how the network is constructed.

  29. On what switch ports should BPDU guard be enabled to enhance STP stability?

    only ports that attach to a neighboring switch

    all PortFast-enabled ports Correct

    all trunk ports that are not root ports

    only ports that are elected as designated ports

  30. Help me. Please !!!

    1. Which two types of hackers are typically classified as grey hat hackers? (Choose two.)
    script kiddies
    vulnerability brokers
    cyber criminals
    state-sponsored hackers
    hacktivists

    2. What are two drawbacks in assigning user privilege levels on a Cisco router? (Choose two.)
    Privilege levels must be set to permit access control to specific device interfaces, ports, or slots.
    Assigning a command with multiple keywords allows access to all commands using those keywords.
    Only a root user can add or remove commands.
    Commands from a lower level are always executable at a higher level.
    AAA must be enabled.

    3. What is a result of enabling the Cisco IOS image resilience feature?
    Multiple primary bootset files can be accessed.
    Images on a TFTP server can be secured.
    The feature can only be disabled through a console session.
    Secured files can be viewed in the output of a CLI-issued command.

    4. What is a limitation to using OOB management on a large enterprise network?
    Production traffic shares the network with management traffic.
    OOB management requires the creation of VPNs.
    Terminal servers can have direct console connections to user devices needing management.
    All devi

    5. A syslog server has received the message shown.
    *Mar 1 00:07:18.783: %SYS-5-CONFIG_I: Configured from console by vty0 (172.16.45.1)
    What can be determined from the syslog message?
    The message informs the administrator that a user with an IP address of 172.16.45.1 configured this device remotely.
    The message is a Log_Alert notification message.
    The message description displays that the console line was accessed locally.
    The message is a normal notification and should not be reviewed.

    7. What are three characteristics of the RADIUS protocol? (Choose three.)
    separates authentication and authorization processes
    is widely used in VOIP and 802.1X implementations
    encrypts the entire body of the packet
    is an open IETF standard AAA protocol
    utilizes TCP port 49
    uses UDP ports for authentication and accounting

    8. A company deploys a network-based IPS. Which statement describes a false negative alarm that is issued by the IPS sensor?
    A normal user packet passes and an alarm is generated.
    An attack packet passes and no alarm is generated.
    An attack packet passes and an alarm is generated.
    A normal user packet passes and no alarm is generated.

    9. What can be used as an alternative to HMAC?
    MD5
    SHA
    digital signatures
    symmetric encryption algorithms

    10.
    What is a characteristic of asymmetric algorithms?
    Both the sender and the receiver know the key before communication is shared.
    Very long key lengths are used.
    Key management is more difficult with asymmetric algorithms than it is with symmetric algorithms.
    Asymmetric algorithms are easier for hardware to accelerate

    11.
    A security technician uses an asymmetric algorithm to encrypt messages with a private key and then forwards that data to another technician. What key must be used to decrypt this data?
    The private key of the sender.
    The public key of the receiver.
    The private key of the receiver.
    The public key of the sender.

    12. A company deploys a hub-and-spoke VPN topology where the security appliance is the hub and the remote VPN networks are the spokes. Which VPN method should be used in order for one spoke to communicate with another spoke through the single public interface of the security appliance?
    split tunneling
    MPLS
    GRE
    Hairpinning

    13.
    What algorithm is used with IPsec to provide data confidentiality?
    SHA
    RSA
    AES
    MD5
    Diffie-Hellman

    14. What is the next step in the establishment of an IPsec VPN after IKE Phase 1 is complete?
    detection of interesting traffic
    negotiation of the IPsec SA policy
    authentication of peers
    negotiation of the ISAKMP policy

    15.
    There are two routers labeled R1 and R2 that are connected through their serial 0/0/0 interfaces to a cloud representing the Internet. R1 serial 0/0/0 interface has the IP address 172.30.2.1, and R2 serial 0/0/0 interface has the IP address 172.30.2.2. R1 is also connected to a PC through the network 10.0.1.0/24, labeled Site 1. This PC IP address is 10.0.1.3. R2 is also connected to a PC through the network 192.168.1.0/24, labeled Site 2. This PC IP address is 192.168.1.3. There is a command output below this graphic with the following information:
    R1# show crypto isakmp sa
    IPv4 Crypto ISAKMP SA
    dst src state conn-id status

    IPv6 Crypto ISAKMP SA

    R1#
    Refer to the exhibit. The ISAKMP policy for the IKE Phase 1 tunnel was configured, but the tunnel does not yet exist. Which action should be taken next before IKE Phase 1 negotiations can begin?
    Configure an ACL to define interesting traffic.
    Configure the set of encryption and hashing algorithms that will be used to transform the data sent through the IPsec tunnel.
    Configure the IPsec tunnel lifetime.
    Bind the transform set with the rest of the IPsec policy in a crypto map.

    16. Which feature is specific to the Security Plus upgrade license of an ASA 5505 and provides increased availability?
    redundant ISP connections
    routed mode
    transparent mode
    stateful packet inspection

    17. What is a characteristic of a DMZ zone?
    Traffic originating from the DMZ network going to the inside network is permitted.
    Traffic originating from the inside network going to the DMZ network is selectively permitted.
    Traffic originating from the inside network going to the DMZ network is not permitted.
    Traffic originating from the outside network going to the DMZ network is selectively permitted.

    18. What technology is used to separate physical interfaces on the ASA 5505 device into different security zones?
    Network Address Translation
    quality of service
    virtual local-area networks
    access control lists

    19. Which interface setting can be configured in ASDM through the Device Setup tab?
    security level
    NAT
    port-security
    EtherChannel

    20. What is a characteristic of an ASA site-to-site VPN?
    The first echo request packet sent to test the establishment of the tunnel always succeeds.
    ASA site-to-site VPNs can only be established between ASA devices.
    The IPsec protocol protects the data transmitted through the site-to-site tunnel.
    ASA site-to-site VPNs create a secure single-user-to-LAN connection.

    21. Which type of ASDM connection would provide secure remote access for remote users into corporate networks?
    site-to-site VPN
    ASDM Launcher
    AnyConnect SSL VPN
    Java Web Start VPN

    22. What three tasks can a network administrator accomplish with the Nmap and Zenmap security testing tools? (Choose three.)
    security event analysis and reporting
    assessment of Layer 3 protocol support on hosts
    development of IDS signatures
    password recovery
    operating system fingerprinting
    open UDP and TCP port detection

    23. What can be used as an alternative to HMAC?
    MD5
    SHA
    digital signatures
    symmetric encryption algorithms

    What is a characteristic of asymmetric algorithms?
    Both the sender and the receiver know the key before communication is shared.
    Very long key lengths are used.
    Key management is more difficult with asymmetric algorithms than it is with symmetric algorithms.
    Asymmetric algorithms are easier for hardware to accelerate

    A security technician uses an asymmetric algorithm to encrypt messages with a private key and then forwards that data to another technician. What key must be used to decrypt this data?
    The private key of the sender.
    The public key of the receiver.
    The private key of the receiver.
    The public key of the sender

    What three tasks can a network administrator accomplish with the Nmap and Zenmap security testing tools? (Choose three.)
    security event analysis and reporting
    assessment of Layer 3 protocol support on hosts
    development of IDS signatures
    password recovery
    operating system fingerprinting
    open UDP and TCP port detection

    What is a result of enabling the Cisco IOS image resilience feature?
    Multiple primary bootset files can be accessed.
    Images on a TFTP server can be secured.
    The feature can only be disabled through a console session.
    Secured files can be viewed in the output of a CLI-issued command.

    What is a limitation to using OOB management on a large enterprise network?
    Production traffic shares the network with management traffic.
    OOB management requires the creation of VPNs.
    Terminal servers can have direct console connections to user devices needing management.
    All devices appear to be attached to a single management network.
    What is a result of enabling the Cisco IOS image resilience feature?
    Multiple primary bootset files can be accessed.
    Images on a TFTP server can be secured.
    The feature can only be disabled through a console session.
    Secured files can be viewed in the output of a CLI-issued command.

    What is a limitation to using OOB management on a large enterprise network?
    Production traffic shares the network with management traffic.
    OOB management requires the creation of VPNs.
    Terminal servers can have direct console connections to user devices needing management.
    All devices appear to be attached to a single management network.

    What are three characteristics of the RADIUS protocol? (Choose three.)
    separates authentication and authorization processes
    is widely used in VOIP and 802.1X implementations
    encrypts the entire body of the packet
    is an open IETF standard AAA protocol
    utilizes TCP port 49
    uses UDP ports for authentication and accounting

    A company deploys a hub-and-spoke VPN topology where the security appliance is the hub and the remote VPN networks are the spokes. Which VPN method should be used in order for one spoke to communicate with another spoke through the single public interface of the security appliance?
    split tunneling
    MPLS
    GRE
    Hairpinning

    What algorithm is used with IPsec to provide data confidentiality?
    SHA
    RSA
    AES
    MD5
    Diffie-Hellman

    What is the next step in the establishment of an IPsec VPN after IKE Phase 1 is complete?
    detection of interesting traffic
    negotiation of the IPsec SA policy
    authentication of peers
    negotiation of the ISAKMP policy

    What is a characteristic of an ASA site-to-site VPN?
    The first echo request packet sent to test the establishment of the tunnel always succeeds.
    ASA site-to-site VPNs can only be established between ASA devices.
    The IPsec protocol protects the data transmitted through the site-to-site tunnel.
    ASA site-to-site VPNs create a secure single-user-to-LAN connection

    Which type of ASDM connection would provide secure remote access for remote users into corporate networks?
    site-to-site VPN
    ASDM Launcher
    AnyConnect SSL VPN
    Java Web Start VPN

    What are two drawbacks in assigning user privilege levels on a Cisco router? (Choose two.)
    Privilege levels must be set to permit access control to specific device interfaces, ports, or slots.
    Assigning a command with multiple keywords allows access to all commands using those keywords.
    Only a root user can add or remove commands.
    Commands from a lower level are always executable at a higher level.
    AAA must be enabled.

    Which feature is specific to the Security Plus upgrade license of an ASA 5505 and provides increased availability?
    redundant ISP connections
    routed mode
    transparent mode
    stateful packet inspection

    What is a characteristic of a DMZ zone?
    Traffic originating from the DMZ network going to the inside network is permitted.
    Traffic originating from the inside network going to the DMZ network is selectively permitted.
    Traffic originating from the inside network going to the DMZ network is not permitted.
    Traffic originating from the outside network going to the DMZ network is selectively permitted.

    What technology is used to separate physical interfaces on the ASA 5505 device into different security zones?
    Network Address Translation
    quality of service
    virtual local-area networks
    access control lists

    Which interface setting can be configured in ASDM through the Device Setup tab?
    security level
    NAT
    port-security
    EtherChannel

    A company deploys a network-based IPS. Which statement describes a false negative alarm that is issued by the IPS sensor?
    A normal user packet passes and an alarm is generated.
    An attack packet passes and no alarm is generated.
    An attack packet passes and an alarm is generated.
    A normal user packet passes and no alarm is generated

    Which two types of hackers are typically classified as grey hat hackers? (Choose two.)
    script kiddies
    vulnerability brokers
    cyber criminals
    state-sponsored hackers
    hacktivists

    1. Hi. is this all Question from final exam? anyone can confirm? is it new question or we totally have new version set of question?

  31. 12. A company deploys a hub-and-spoke VPN topology where the security appliance is the hub and the remote VPN networks are the spokes. Which VPN method should be used in order for one spoke to communicate with another spoke through the single public interface of the security appliance?
    split tunneling
    MPLS
    GRE
    Hairpinning
    Answer : GRE

    2. What are two drawbacks in assigning user privilege levels on a Cisco router? (Choose two.)
    Privilege levels must be set to permit access control to specific device interfaces, ports, or slots.
    Assigning a command with multiple keywords allows access to all commands using those keywords.
    Only a root user can add or remove commands.
    Commands from a lower level are always executable at a higher level.
    AAA must be enabled.
    Answer :
    Assigning a command with multiple keywords allows access to all commands using those keywords.
    Commands from a lower level are always executable at a higher level.

  32. 1. Which two types of hackers are typically classified as grey hat hackers? (Choose two.)
    script kiddies
    vulnerability brokers
    cyber criminals
    state-sponsored hackers
    hacktivists
    Answer
    state-sponsored hackers
    vulnerability brokers

  33. Question 59. What is the benefit of the network-based IPS (NIPS) over host-based IPS (HIPS) deployment models?

    correct answer: NIPS monitors network segments (verified)

    Question 33. Which IDS/IPS signature alarm will look for packets that are destined to or from a particular port?

    correct answer: signature-based (verified)

  34. What is the default preconfigured interface for the outside network on a Cisco ASA 5505?

    VLAN 2 <—-
    Ethernet 0/2
    Ethernet 0/1
    VLAN 1

  35. question 77 … you can’t do “show ip nat translation” on an ASA. I’m pretty sure the answer is “Show xlate”

    question 76. I think it’s 802.1x ….. not certain

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